Nokia patent fee
Author:Tan Biao Time:2021-06-06 17:57 Browse(134)
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How many years can Nokia's "old patent" survive? Nokia, once a mobile phone giant, seems to be a little lost now.
Nokia is a mobile phone giant*Nokia seems to be in a "slump" after the "Waterloo" in the mobile phone market.

Nokia patent fee

Rajeev Suri, Nokia's chief executive, confirmed at the analysts' meeting that Nokia will not directly manufacture mobile phones in the future, but he said Nokia is considering increasing the patent fee.
! ^ "Y! Q (P-E; @ (@ 9 @" RThis seemingly simple "statement" will undoubtedly stir up a thousand waves in the mobile phone market.
the reason is that "Nokia withdraws from the mobile phone market and increases the patent license fee". On the one hand, it may comprehensively increase the cost of the current mainstream mobile phone manufacturers, and further affect the terminal pricing or selling price; on the other hand, it may increase the cost of the current mainstream mobile phone manufacturers, It may make the "weak patent" domestic mobile phones the "biggest victims" and greatly weaken the market competitive advantage of domestic mobile phonesThe crux of the problem is.
is it a good way for Nokia to abandon mobile phones and rely on patent fees alone? How should domestic mobile phone manufacturers cope with this change? How to reinforce the moat? & c5 N* ~+ u3 U  ~I # T, U1 D2 E9 | G6 C / TAccording to the statistical data of the website of the State Intellectual Property Office, as of November 26, 2014, the total number of patents retrieved by Nokia was 12121, the number of inventions published by Nokia was 3955, and the number of inventions authorized by Nokia was 3647,Nokia has 33 utility models and 1042 exterior designs; ~ (x1 Q1 \.
I8 @ 3 h browse the original image0 L 'D. t *? 8 A2 P + X what does that mean? Judging from the above figures, many people may not understand why Nokia is a "patent giant"(U. A3; P: [/ W4 w) Q 'J5 u9 Q4 y% Q but if you compare the patent holding of Nokia with Meizu, the representative of domestic mobile phones.
I believe many people will have a more "concrete" feeling.
/ ~'s.w.
d: s_ , UIn terms of the total number of patents retrieved, Nokia is 62 times as much as Meizu; in terms of the number of invention announcements, Nokia is 36 times as much as Meizu; in terms of the number of invention authorizations, Nokia is 910 times as much as Meizu; even for the utility model that Nokia least values, Nokia is 2 times as much as Meizu; in terms of appearance design, Nokia is 12 times as much as Meizu.
6 g-u6 y # K + # 0 ~'b.
q( Z, l! m6 c0 J) ?3 [8 J8 Z4 ]Some people may not agree with this, and even some Meizu fans may think that Meizu is not far behind Nokia in utility models.
/ K0 v.
s, W "P # E) sObviously, these people don't know enough about the "gold content" of patents.
as we all know.
in terms of the difficulty of licensing or the gold content of technology, from high to low, they are invention patents, utility model patents and design patents( {( T! n  _ ; V9 w browse the original figure 8 X. A0 S5 T2 T $R1 R) d) I6 fFrom another dimension,
it may be easier to understand.
from the perspective of legal protection period,
the protection period of invention patent is 20 years, and that of utility model and design is 10 years.
+ k% Z u! Y! D7ZIn short,
in terms of the most competitive invention patents, Nokia has obtained 910 times of Meizu's, 8 times of HTC's and 7 times of Apple's.
& Q & F # C: [W5 d0 D2 n]Obviously.
to say that Nokia is a giant of mobile phone patents is nothing more than that. More importantly, Nokia's mobile phone patents are all over the 2G, 3G, 4G and other major communication networks.
Nokia's mobile phone patents are widely distributed in the 2G, 3G, 4G and other major communication networksJ: H! ` 7} 8 h / H + B3 x + I in other words.
even if Nokia goes bankrupt tomorrow morning, the mainstream mobile phone manufacturers on the market still have to pay for the patent of Nokia they use tonight.
F. f # E7 Y /]How many domestic mobile phones are injured when Nokia raises licensing fees?5 Q "G + R7 C! Q; O / p; t according to the statistics of Research Institute valuewalk.
nearly 40 companies, including apple, Samsung, HTC, Microsoft, blackberry, LG, Sony, Motorola and Huawei, need to pay patent license fees to Nokia.
: G2 u'k5 A:} X.
N5 F9 ISome researchers estimate that Nokia can earn at least 500 million euros in patent revenue every year, with apple, Samsung and Microsoft as its main contributors,By 2018, Nokia's annual royalty will rise to 600 million euros.
4 B9 T4] 3 Z. V (GObviously.
Nokia's plan to increase the license fee will certainly have an impact on the cost and pricing of the mobile phones of the above-mentioned manufacturers.
then.
among the domestic mobile phone manufacturers, what is the impact of Nokia's plan to increase the license fee on them? 7 y$ @3 C1 V2 }. j9 H: ]First of all, Huawei, ZTE and other manufacturers with more patents suffer from the loss of negotiation advantages.
previously.
because Nokia is still competing in the mobile phone market, domestic mobile phone manufacturers with more invention patents, represented by Huawei and ZTE, can "take out their own patents and grant each other's patents" through patent cross licensing, Reduce or control the patent fees to be paid, so as to reduce the cost of their own products.
in this paper, the author analyzes the current situation of the patent fees in China8 K9 o * u (I1 q $x2 J J0 M $k'w) now.
Nokia is no longer directly manufacturing the market, which means that Huawei and ZTE have lost the possibility of reaching a cross license with Nokia, or the original cross license agreement has no substantial binding force on Nokia.
Nokia is no longer directly manufacturing the market'a # C9} 7 y; B; C6 l to put it simply.
Huawei and ZTE also need to make a separate budget to pay for the Nokia patents they use.
.
O_   h+ ]' [: K9 A; k9 ySecondly, domestic mobile phone manufacturers with few patents, such as Xiaomi and Meizu, may become Nokia's "prey" due to the increasing shipment volume, and may need to pay a lot of patent license fees for Nokia at any time.
% H - A3 a -} 6 L! Q8 D & ~ 6 |: W & {* fIn the face of Nokia's increasing patent license fees at any timeAre domestic mobile phone manufacturers only allowed to be slaughtered, or do they have other ways of counterattack or prevention? ! A8 I4 Z- K, C6 TDomestic mobile phone should pay soberly, not all patents need to payAs we all know, Nokia is a company with a long history, and it has been involved in a wide range of business, from paper making, rubber shoes, tires, cables to the mobile phone and communication industry which later made it world-famous.
Nokia has a long history in the world0 f / P3 U) U1 L3 ~ it is worth mentioning.
probably in the 1980s, Nokia began to focus on the field of mobile phones and communications, which can also be seen from its patents.
'_ 9 K2 S6 m4 dAccording to the statistical data of the website of the State Intellectual Property Office, Nokia's earliest patent application can be traced back to March 1987.
what most people may not know is that the earliest date of data query on the website of the State Intellectual Property Office is September 1985.
the latest date of data query on the website of the State Intellectual Property Office is September 19856 \; G "r u: '$B1 W4} on the one hand.
this shows that Nokia attaches great importance to patent protection applications, on the other hand, it also points out the direction for domestic mobile phone manufacturers to control costs or reduce losses.
this paper analyzes the current situation of domestic mobile phone manufacturers8 ` 1 V4 K $t # V "g / F6 y * V; o as mentioned above.
Nokia's patents are mainly invention patents, and the protection period of invention patents is up to 20 years. So, in the next five years, how many patents will be" invalid "without payment? & k( m# m' `# {! H* ?Browse the original image 0 y + L "I (P & L1 P9 F, V. R - BAccording to the data,In the next five years, Nokia will have at least 521 invention patents related to mobile phones, including 63 at the end of 2014, 102 in 2015, 94 in 2016, 113 in 2017 and 149 in 2018#G1 U + V (U $B1 ~: R & S + s * y take eight patent infringement cases filed by Nokia against Huaqin company in December 2010 as an example.
among the basic mobile phone technology patents involved, such as "mobile communication device with camera", "communication terminal", "selection of data transmission method", "user equipment, cellular wireless power grid and its location update method", "selection of data transmission method", etc, Among them, the invention patent of "mobile communication device with camera" related to the camera function of mobile phone will be invalid in 2019( |& _ 9 \ "] 9} - D * @" Q.
^ there will be many similar patents, obviously, this is the key point that domestic mobile phone manufacturers can not ignore. When negotiating with Nokia for patent license, we must pay attention to the validity period of the patent to be used, and when receiving Nokia's patent infringement notice, we must carefully check the expiration date of the relevant patent, and do not pay for the expired patent due to carelessness.
when negotiating with Nokia for patent license authorization, we must pay attention to the expiration date of the patent1 R + h-d6 m # w! N8 t in addition,
there is also a legal weapon that can be used, for Nokia's mobile phone basic technology patents, domestic mobile phone manufacturers can also take the initiative to initiate patent invalidation applications to the Patent Reexamination Board, "request to declare the patent invalid or partially invalid."
2 h! ^ 7 R) Q6 R7 L: S. E0 g) l0 BIs it a good way for Nokia to eat old patents?% n.
l: K1 F: B7 {Nokia started early in the mobile phone market, and once carved up the biggest cake in this market for a long time.
now.
Nokia no longer directly manufactures mobile phones, and will it be a good way to eat the old cost of patents by increasing the patent licensing fee? ) Z, g. _ # J% \# \The answer is obviously No.
as mentioned above.
just because Nokia started early, the invention patents held by Nokia are gradually entering the expiration period at the rate of about 100 each year. It is estimated that the patents of Nokia's mobile phones will become worthless in 10 years at the earliest, and become the existing technology in the market, so they can no longer obtain the patent license fee.
in the future, Nokia's mobile phone patents will become worthless4 d 's.
A4 [, E4 F: a obviously, Nokia has also noticed that "sitting idle" is not a long-term solution, and its so-called "not manufacturing mobile phones and increasing patent licensing fees" is more like a "time for space" strategy, hoping to realize business transformation and rise again.
Nokia's strategy of "not manufacturing mobile phones and increasing patent licensing fees" is more like a "time for space" strategy*R! J4 Q5 s: N1 J8 on November 18.
Nokia held a press conference in Finland and unexpectedly launched a 7.9-inch Android 5.0 tablet computer, named N1, with a price of less than 1500 yuan.
% J.
\ # J8 F% Z "# 8 K # ZIt is worth mentioning that Nokia's tablet will be the first to be launched in China on February 19, and then it will be launched in Europe and other places in succession.
Nokia's tablet will be the first to be launched in China on February 19'@ & A * Q * s; H8 Q.
| 8 d it can be seen that Nokia's choice for itself is not to spend the rest of its life on the patent license fee, but to exchange its patent accumulation in the mobile phone field for the chance to break through or turn over in other fields.
Nokia's patent accumulation in the mobile phone field is not to rely on the patent license fee2 Q; G "Z5 X.
V + K6 q! Z) B this can also see" signs "from its tablet pricing. The price of 1500 yuan is even much cheaper than many domestic smart phones. More importantly, Nokia has a wide range of brand awareness and customer reputation in the Chinese market. Now, with the help of" low price ", it is bound to stir up the domestic tablet market.
! I! R. M 'Z1 R7 xNokia is turning around.
opportunities and risks coexist for domestic mobile phone manufacturers. If they pay more attention, they may save a lot of costs.
.
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